Steps in the Research Process

E-Cigarettes and Cancer Patients

The popularity of e-cigarettes has grown over the years. However adequate research on the dangers or potential benefits of e-cigarettes has not yet been done. Cummings et al., (2014) conducted a research on e-cigarettes and cancer patients. The research aimed at understanding whether it was advisable to recommend e-cigarettes to cancer patients who were struggling with smoking addiction. Continued smoking after a cancer diagnosis has been proven to have detrimental effects on survival rates. Thus the purpose statement of the research was establishing whether e-cigarettes can help someone stop smoking and whether or not its negative effects were less than that of traditional cigarettes.

The hypothesis of the research was that e-cigarettes were less harmful than conventional cigarettes. This hypothesis was proven in the conclusion. However, the authors cited that there is no sufficient evidence to either recommend or refute the use of e-cigarettes. To prove the hypothesis the study design first defined what e-cigarettes were and whether or not they could help someone to quit smoking. The research then focused on the effects of e-cigarettes and compared them with those of traditional cigarettes. Additionally, the paper also offers advice from a doctor’s perspective on how to confront patients struggling with smoking addiction. The authors recommend that for those trying to experiment on e-cigarettes as a substitute for normal cigarettes should do so under careful monitoring by a doctor in order to detect any adverse effects. The paper concludes by acknowledging that the understanding of e-cigarettes is not yet sufficient and recommend further studies to be conducted on the topic.

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